NYC Sinus Disorders Treatment
The four sinus cavities (frontal, maxillary, ethmoid, and sphenoid) are lined with soft tissue called mucous membrane and covered with cilia. The lining and cilia protect the body from dust, pollen, germs, and other foreign bodies in the air, and humidifies the air entering in through the nose. However, such high exposure to environmental irritants can overwhelm the body’s natural defenses and makes many people susceptible to sinus infection or bacteria; nearly 50 million Americans are affected by sinus disorders annually.
If you are suffering from a sinus disorder, visit our NYC ear nose and throat practice for relief. Dr. David Volpi is a board-certified otolaryngologist with over 25 years of experience performing the latest, minimally invasive ENT procedures to treat sinus disorders, sleep apnea, and other ENT conditions in New York City. As a nationally-renowned ear nose and throat doctor, Dr. Volpi is highly qualified to diagnose and treat your allergy conditions. Learn more about common sinus disorders and treatments below, or request an appointment online.
Common Sinus Disorders
Sinus Sensitivity and Allergies
Allergies are an abnormal response of the immune system to a normally harmless substance. Some of the most common allergens are pollen, dust mites, mold and animal dander. When a person is exposed to an allergen, their body releases histamine, which causes symptoms that include sneezing and/or a runny nose.
The most effective way to treat allergies is to simply avoid exposure to allergens. Other treatments include antihistamines, decongestants, nasal sprays and eye drops.
Deviated Nasal Septum
A deviated septum is a common condition that involves a displacement of the septum, the wall that separates the nostrils, to one side of the nose. About 80 percent of people have a deviated septum, which often develops as a result of an injury to the nose. This condition makes one nasal passage smaller than the other, which can affect breathing if the displacement is great enough.
Patients with a severely deviated septum may experience nasal congestion, nosebleeds, and frequent or recurring sinus infections as a result of their uneven nasal passages. Those with only minor displacement may not even be aware that they have a deviated septum and experience no symptoms.
Nasal polyps are benign growths that develop within the lining of the nasal passages or sinuses. If large enough, these growths may block the passages and cause breathing difficulties, sinus infections or other complications. Nasal polyps are most common in adults, especially those that have asthma or allergies.
Most patients with nasal polyps may experience nasal congestion, as well as a runny nose, headache, facial pain, loss of smell or taste and sinus pressure. Some patients may not have any symptoms if the polyp is small. Treatment for nasal polyps is often provided through medications that can reduce the size of the polyp or even eliminate it.
Sinus tumors may develop in any of the four sinus cavities as a result of abnormal cell growth. While the specific cause of sinus tumors is unknown, such tumors tend to develop in patients with chronic sinusitis or those who have been exposed to certain irritants in the home or at the workplace.
Most tumors of the sinuses are benign but may result in troubling symptoms such as nasal obstruction, facial pain, visual difficulties, sleep apnea, snoring and chronic sinus infections. Sinus tumors may be diagnosed through endoscopic examination through the nose, or through imaging techniques such as X-rays, CT scans or MRI scans.
Symptoms of Sinus Disorders
Symptoms of sinus disorders vary widely. Infection from colds or sinusitis can result in facial pain and pressure, discolored mucous discharge, or nasal obstruction.
Treatment of Sinus Disorders
Most people can be treated with antibiotics, i.e. decongestants, antihistamines, and saline sprays, although surgery is an option if pharmaceuticals prove to be ineffective. Other factors such as a deviated septum may necessitate surgical treatment.