A deviated septum is a common condition that involves a displacement of the septum, the wall that separates the nostrils, to one side of the nose. In adults, the septum is made of cartilage and bone, and helps to support the nose and its mucous membranes, and enables regular air flow. A deviated septum often develops as a result of an injury to the nose. This condition may cause one nasal passage to be smaller than the other, which can affect breathing if the difference is great enough. A deviated septum may also be the underlying cause of sinus problems, snoring or sleep apnea. Learn more.
In cases of facial trauma, nasal fractures are a common type of bone injury. This is largely due to the prominence and central location of the nose on the face and the weakness of the nasal cartilage. A nasal fracture is commonly the result of an injury from a car accident, a fall, a physical altercation, or a sports-related injury. Untreated nasal fractures can negatively affect both the appearance and the function of the nose. Functional problems include chronic nasal obstruction or blockage, and a predisposition for sinusitis, infection, and nose bleeds. Learn more.
Any blockage in breathing through the nose should be evaluated by a physician. Nasal obstruction can be caused by a variety of factors, including a deviated septum, enlarged turbinates, or nasal polyps. Learn more.
The four sinus cavities, frontal, maxillary, ethmoid, and sphenoid are lined with soft tissue called mucous membrane and covered with cilia. The lining and cilia protect the body from dust, pollen, germs, and other foreign bodies in the air, and humidifies the air entering in through the nose. However, such high exposure to environmental irritants can overwhelm the body’s natural defenses and makes many people susceptible to sinus infection or bacteria-nearly 50 million Americans are affected by sinus disorders annually. Learn more.
Sinusitis (sinus infection) is a common medical condition that occurs when the sinus cavities in the upper skull become inflamed and do not drain properly. When the sinuses accumulate fluid and mucus due to an allergy or upper respiratory illness, their passages become obstructed. Without proper drainage, the impacted material becomes a fertile area for viruses, bacteria, or occasionally fungi to grow and create infection. Sinus inflammation causes pain and thickened mucus within the nasal cavity and may be chronic or acute. Learn more.
A sinus headache, is a continuous pain in the head that affects the cheekbones, forehead, or the bridge of the nose. Headache pain can be deep and constant. Headaches are the most common reason for days lost at work and school. Learn more.
When we sleep, our throat muscles relax and vibrate when air tries to pass through but is blocked, causing snoring. Snoring is very common and occurs at least occasionally in almost half of all adults. Snoring can be brought on by nasal congestion, alcohol consumption, sleep apnea or simply the anatomy of your mouth. If your tonsils are enlarged, your airway can be narrower and vibrate more when air tries to flow through. Being overweight can also contribute to a narrowed airway. Learn more.
Obstructive sleep apnea is a serious, life-threatening medical condition that causes patients to temporarily stop breathing while asleep due to an obstruction of the airway. Pauses in breathing can last between 10 seconds to a few minutes, occurring multiple times throughout the night. Over time, untreated sleep apnea can lead to serious health problems. Treatment depends on the site of your airway blockage and the root cause of your snoring and sleep apnea condition. Learn more.